Modernism in Turkey
The contribution of the German-area architects
Ort: Raum L3|01 136 (Seminarraum Klassische Archäologie)
Lehrender: Paola Ardizzola
Zeit: Blockseminar (Termine werden in der Einführungsveranstaltung bekannt gegeben)
Beginn: 09.04.2018, 15:00 – 16:30 Uhr
Referat im Seminar und schriftliche Hausarbeit am Semesterende
Abgabedatum der Hausarbeit:
„All nationalist architecture is bad but all good architecture is national.“ Bruno Taut
With the end of the sultanate and after the First World War, In 1923 the Turkish Republic was established. His founder and first president Mustafa Kemal Atatürk completely changed the socio-political and cultural milieu, looking at West as good example for a renewed civic society. During the 20s up to the 40s many intellectuals and architects from German-speaking countries fled to Turkey, widely welcomed by the new president and invited to give their own contribution to the creation of the new Turkey. Among architects there were C. Holzmeister, E. Egli, M. Elsaesser, M. Wagner, G. Oelsner, C. C. Lörcher, P. Bonatz, and B. Taut, whose contribution is particulary relevant. Most of them worked as urban planner, architect and designer especially for relevant public institutions, and as professor at university of Istanbul. The seminar will focus on these questions: did they simply translate the principles of Modernism and bring them into Middle East? Did they seek a continuity with the local architectural tradition? Did they solve this dichotomy by finding a compromise between local tradition and Modernity? Who was anti-dogmatic and who strictly related to European modern language of architecture? Which is the legacy these architects left in Turkey?
The course is taught in english.